Verbs tell of something being done;
To read, count, sing, laugh, jump or run.
Adverbs tell us how the verbs are done: i.e. slowly, quickly, loudly, well etc.
Ideas for learning outside the classroom….
1. Pick out ten words from the list which you do not know and look up their meanings in a dictionary. Copy the words and definitions into your books.
2. Some of the words in the list have very similar meanings. E.g. rapidly and swiftly. See how many matching pairs of adverbs you can find. Copy the pairs into your books. Underline the most interesting and original adverb.
3. Select ten adverbs. Change them back into adjectives. List ten of your own adjectives. Turn them into adverbs. Use the ‘ly ending’ spelling rules to help you. Check your spellings in a dictionary.
4. Any verb you use could have an adverb. E.g. She got up energetically. The car braked sharply. The moon shone brightly. Think of how to expand on your writing/speaking using adverbs.
5. Occasionally, you could start a sentence with an adverb. This will add variety to your sentence openings and structures. Write ten sentences starting with an adverb. E.g. Slowly, ….
Other adverbs……what do they mean?? How can you use them in your speaking/writing?
Tragically, … Mysteriously, … Luckily, …tightly calmly apprehensively politely warily slyly angrily firmly sadly idly suspiciously jauntily furtively awkwardly cunningly cautiously furiously
relentlessly dejectedly swiftly morosely shiftily sheepishly gracefully anxiously carefully slyly guiltily obviously deftly rapidly nervously nimbly nonchalantly stealthily craftily placidly grimly wickedly cruelly eagerly stubbornly daintily clumsily sedately gently frantically jocularly sternly jovially viciously truthfully meanly sharply restlessly menacingly urgently maliciously valiantly fiercely
boldly joyfully monstrously desperately bravely luckily mysteriously tragically hurriedly willingly falsely crazily lovingly bashfully threateningly eloquently peculiarly regrettably seriously obliviously merrily admittedly suddenly obstinately devilishly faithfully drolly haughtily grimly gutsily gradually graciously edgily ecstatically devotedly lazily morosely proudly arrogantly feebly
The following is a useful way to divide adverbs:
- MANNER: carefully, slowly
- FREQUENCY: always, often, never, occasionally
- TIME AND PLACE: now, here, there
- RELATIVE TIME: already, recently, soon
- DEGREE: extremely, rather, very, deeply
- QUANTITY: a lot, a little, a few, some
- FOCUSING: even, also, only, particularly
- ATTITUDE MARKERS: apparently, fortunately,
Focusing adverbs and attitude markers can also be classifed as discourse markers
Most adverbs are formed by adding ‘ly’ to an adjective but not all…… but remember to check the spelling rules on ‘ly’ endings.
Slowly the tide creeps up the sand,
Slowly the shadows cross the land.
Slowly the cart-horse pulls his mile,
Slowly the old man mounts his stile.
Slowly the hands move round the clock,
Slowly the dew dries on the dock.
Slow is the snail – but slowest of all
The green moss spreads on the old brick wall.
Write a similar poem. Either choose an adverb yourself or use one from this list: quietly, gently, softly, lightly, swiftly, brightly, loudly.
Before you begin, collect your ideas together by drawing a spider diagram for the word you have chosen.
Collect pictures and photographs that you can use to illustrate your adverb poem.